Ashok Abeysinghe

MP Abeysinghe not firm on the closure of firms due to economic crisis


237,143 small and medium enterprises have been closed down within these three years alone [2020-22] due to the economic crisis.

Parliament of Sri Lanka YouTube channel | May 7, 2024


Partly True

Fact Check

In a parliamentary speech, MP Ashok Abeysinghe claimed that 237,143 small and medium enterprises (SMEs) closed between 2020 and 2022 due to the economic crisis. This statement was made in the broader context of debates around micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs).

To verify the claim, consulted the Impact of the Economic Crisis on MSMEs 2022 Report produced by the Department of Census and Statistics (DCS).

According to this report, approximately 263,100 MSMEs closed from Jan-2019 to end-2022. Of these, 90.1% (around 237,000) closed between 2020 and 2022 (see Exhibit 1). This figure is the closest to the figures cited by the MP. However, 97% of the total closures from Jan-2019 were micro enterprises (where less than 4 persons are engaged). This suggests that the MP misspoke and meant to refer to MSMEs when he said SMEs.

In addition to making it clear that the number referred to by the MP is based mostly on including micro enterprises, the DCS report suggests that less than half of the total closures (41%), approximately 108,100 MSMEs, were due to the economic crisis, as the survey also queries the reason for closure (see Exhibit 2). According to it, non-economic crisis factors, including the COVID-19 pandemic, contributed to over half of the closures.

In the broader context, the MP’s claim can be interpreted to include micro enterprises, as the number he quotes is correct when MSMEs are considered—not just SMEs as stated. However, he seems to have neglected an aspect of the data in attributing all the closures to the economic crisis—given that the survey asked the reason for the closures, and found that less than half of the closures recorded (from 2019 onward) were claimed to be due to the economic crisis.

Therefore, we classify the MP’s claim as PARTLY TRUE.

Exhibit 1: MSME closures

Sources: Department of Census and Statistics

Exhibit 2: Reasons for closure based on the enterprises


Impact of Economic Crisis on MSMEs 2022, Department of Census and Statistics,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *